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Dragonflies - Kakamega Forest

A total of 72 dragonfly species, representing 42 % of Kenya’s dragonfly fauna, has been recorded from Kakamega Forest. They represent by the families Aeshnidae (7 spp.), Calopterygidae (2 spp.), Chlorocyphidae (4 spp.), Coenagrionidae (11 spp.), Corduliidae (2 spp.), Gomphidae (10 spp.), Lestidae (2 spp.), Libellulidae (33 spp.), and Protoneuridae (1 sp.). Three of these are based on literature records only (Phyllomacromia kimminsi, Neurogomphus pinheyi, and Paragomphus alluaudi). The habitat preference and affiliation with other African regions is listed for all species. The dragonfly fauna of the Kakamega Forest is impoverished compared to more western Guineo-Congolian rain forest areas.
Twenty species are of national importance for Kenya, since they are only found at this site within the country.

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Family  Order by
Scientific name  View options Standard view  Extended view
       
Distribution    
 72 Entries  


 (please check one or more of the entries listed below to see the details)
    Family Scientific name Habitat Reproduction Distribution
1 Aeshnidae Gynacantha bullata Karsch, 1891 - Forest - pool - Guineo-Congolian forest
- localized records only
2 Aeshnidae Aeshna e. ellioti Kirby, 1896 - secondary forest, bush - pool
- river, stream
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
3 Aeshnidae Aeshna rileyi (Calvert, 1892) - secondary forest, bush - river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
4 Aeshnidae Anaciaeshna triangulifera McLachlan, 1896 - secondary forest, bush - river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
5 Aeshnidae Anax ephippiger (Burmeister, 1836) - open habitat - pool - widespread at least in eastern Africa
6 Aeshnidae Anax imperator Leach, 1815 - open habitat - pool - widespread at least in eastern Africa
7 Aeshnidae Anax speratus Hagen, 1867 - Forest
- secondary forest, bush
- river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
8 Calopterygidae Phaon iridipennis (Burmeister, 1839) - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
9 Calopterygidae Umma saphirina Förster, 1916 - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
10 Chlorocyphidae Chlorocypha curta Hagen in Selys, 1853 - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
11 Chlorocyphidae Chlorocypha tenuis Longfield, 1936 - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
- localized records only
- Kenya
- Uganda
- Democratic Republic of Congo
12 Chlorocyphidae Platycypha caligata (Selys, 1853) - secondary forest, bush - river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
13 Chlorocyphidae Platycypha lacustris (Förster, 1914) - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
14 Coenagrionidae Africallagma glaucum (Burmeister, 1839) - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- swamp
- pool
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
15 Coenagrionidae Pseudagrion melanicterum Selys, 1876 - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
16 Coenagrionidae Africallagma pseudelongatum (Longfield, 1936) - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- swamp
- pool
- localized records only
- Kenya
- Tanzania
- Uganda
17 Coenagrionidae Pseudagrion spernatum Selys, 1881 - secondary forest, bush - river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
18 Coenagrionidae Africallagma subtile (Ris, 1921) - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- swamp
- pool
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
19 Coenagrionidae Ceriagrion glabrum (Burmeister, 1839) - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- swamp
- pool
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
20 Coenagrionidae Proischnura subfurcata (Selys, 1876) - secondary forest, bush - swamp
- pool
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
21 Coenagrionidae Pseudagrion hageni Karsch, 1893 - Forest
- secondary forest, bush
- river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
22 Coenagrionidae Pseudagrion kersteni (Gerstäcker, 1869) - secondary forest, bush - river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
23 Coenagrionidae Africallagma elongatum (Martin, 1907) - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- swamp
- pool
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
24 Coenagrionidae Pseudagrion kibalense Longfield, 1959 - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
25 Corduliidae Phyllomacromia kimminsi (Fraser, 1954) - unknown - unknown - widespread at least in eastern Africa
26 Corduliidae Phyllomacromia sylvatica Fraser, 1954 - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
- localized records only
- Kenya
- Uganda
- Tanzania
- Zambia
27 Gomphidae Notogomphus dorsalis Selys, 1858 - secondary forest, bush - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
28 Gomphidae Notogomphus lecythus Campion, 1923 - secondary forest, bush - river, stream - localized records only
- Ethiopia
- Kenya
29 Gomphidae Notogomphus lujai (Schouteden, 1934) - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
30 Gomphidae Onychogomphus styx Pinhey, 1961 - Forest - river, stream - localized records only
- Kenya
- Tanzania
- Uganda
31 Gomphidae Ictinogomphus ferox (Rambur, 1842) - open habitat - river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
32 Gomphidae Paragomphus alluaudi (Martin, 1915) - unknown - unknown - localized records only
- Kenya
- Tanzania
- Ethiopia
33 Gomphidae Microgomphus cf. schoutedeni Fraser, 1949 - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
- localized records only
34 Gomphidae Paragomphus viridior Pinhey, 1961 - Forest
- secondary forest, bush
- river, stream - localized records only
- Kenya
- Uganda
35 Gomphidae Neurogomphus pinheyi Cammaerts, 1968 - unknown - unknown - localized records only
36 Gomphidae Notogomphus leroyi (Schouteden, 1934) - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
- localized records only
- Kenya
- Uganda
- Tanzania
- Democratic Republic of Congo
37 Lestidae Lestes dissimulans Fraser, 1955 - open habitat - swamp - widespread at least in eastern Africa
38 Lestidae Lestes virgatus Burmeister (1839) - Forest
- secondary forest, bush
- swamp - widespread at least in eastern Africa
39 Libellulidae Notiothemis robertsi Fraser, 1944 - Forest - pool - Guineo-Congolian forest
40 Libellulidae Orthetrum kollmannspergeri Buchholz, 1959 - open habitat - swamp - widespread at least in eastern Africa
41 Libellulidae Tetrathemis polleni (Selys, 1869) - secondary forest, bush - river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
42 Libellulidae Zygonyx torridus (Kirby, 1889) - secondary forest, bush - river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
43 Libellulidae Atoconeura eudoxia (Kirby, 1909) - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
- localized records only
- Burundi
- Kenya
- Uganda
44 Libellulidae Orthetrum abbotti Calvert, 1892 - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- swamp - widespread at least in eastern Africa
45 Libellulidae Orthetrum microstigma Ris, 1911 - Forest - swamp - widespread at least in eastern Africa
46 Libellulidae Tholymis tillarga (Fabricius, 1798) - secondary forest, bush - pool - widespread at least in eastern Africa
47 Libellulidae Crocothemis sanguinolenta (Burmeister, 1839) - secondary forest, bush - river, stream
- pool
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
48 Libellulidae Orthetrum brachiale (Beauvois, 1817) - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- swamp - widespread at least in eastern Africa
49 Libellulidae Orthetrum trinacria (Selys, 1841) - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- river, stream
- pool
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
50 Libellulidae Tramea basilaris (Beauvois, 1817) - open habitat - pool - widespread at least in eastern Africa
51 Libellulidae Crocothemis erythraea (Brullé, 1832) - open habitat - pool - widespread at least in eastern Africa
52 Libellulidae Hadrothemis camarensis (Kirby, 1889) - Forest - phytotelmata - Guineo-Congolian forest
53 Libellulidae Orthetrum caffrum (Burmeister, 1839) - secondary forest, bush - swamp
- river, stream
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
54 Libellulidae Palpopleura deceptor (Calvert, 1899) - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- swamp
- pool
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
55 Libellulidae Trithemis arteriosa (Burmeister, 1939) - open habitat - pool - widespread at least in eastern Africa
56 Libellulidae Hemistigma albipunctum (Rambur, 1842) - secondary forest, bush
- open habitat
- pool
- swamp
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
57 Libellulidae Orthetrum camerunense Gambles, 1959 - secondary forest, bush - swamp
- river, stream
- Guineo-Congolian forest
58 Libellulidae Palpopleura lucia (Drury, 1773) - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- swamp
- pool
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
59 Libellulidae Trithemis furva Karsch, 1899 - open habitat
- secondary forest, bush
- river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
60 Libellulidae Micromacromia camerunica Karsch, 1890 - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
61 Libellulidae Orthetrum chrysostigma (Burmeister, 1839) - open habitat - pool
- swamp
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
62 Libellulidae Palpopleura portia (Drury, 1773) - open habitat - swamp
- pool
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
63 Libellulidae Trithemis stictica (Burmeister, 1839) - Forest
- secondary forest, bush
- river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
64 Libellulidae Nesciothemis farinosa (Förster, 1898) - secondary forest, bush
- open habitat
- pool
- river, stream
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
65 Libellulidae Orthetrum guineense Ris, 1910 - secondary forest, bush - river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
66 Libellulidae Pantala flavescens (Fabricius, 1798) - open habitat - pool - widespread at least in eastern Africa
67 Libellulidae Urothemis edwardsii (Selys, 1849) - open habitat - pool
- swamp
- widespread at least in eastern Africa
68 Libellulidae Notiothemis jonesi Ris, 1919 - Forest - pool - widespread at least in eastern Africa
69 Libellulidae Orthetrum julia Kirby, 1900 - Forest
- secondary forest, bush
- river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
70 Libellulidae Tetrathemis corduliformis Longfield, 1936 - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
71 Libellulidae Zygonyx natalensis (Martin, 1900) - secondary forest, bush
- open habitat
- river, stream - widespread at least in eastern Africa
72 Protoneuridae Chlorocnemis pauli Longfield, 1936 - Forest - river, stream - Guineo-Congolian forest
- localized records only
- Kenya
- Uganda
- Democratic Republic of Congo
 (please check one or more of the entries listed above to see the details)


Literature sources:
  1. Clausnitzer, V. (2005). An updated checklist of the dragonflies (Odonata) of the Kakamega Forest, Kenya. Journal of East African Natural History 94(2): 239–246.
Contact:
E-Mail to Viola Clausnitzer: violacl@t-online.de